* Dollar index off peak after biggest one-day fall in a month

* Markets book profits after disappointing U.S. retail data

* Euro up from 12-year low vs dollar (Adds details, quotes)

By Ian Chua and Shinichi Saoshiro

SYDNEY/TOKYO, March 13 (Reuters) – The euro slipped in early trade in Europe on Friday after a rebound the day before lifted it 1 cent above this week’s 12-year lows against the dollar.

Dealers and analysts said the recovery looked temporary after eight days which, peak to trough, have seen 5 percent knocked off the euro’s value and taken the dollar past many banks’ targets for the next year.

Few doubt the dollar, backed by a growing gap between U.S. and European market interest rates, will reach parity with the euro. On Friday, it traded at 1.0610 to the euro.

“I don’t think its an exaggeration to say this week has been a gamechanger,” said Neil Mellor, a currency strategist with Bank of New York Mellon in London.

“The combination of last Friday’s jobs numbers and the launch of QE in Europe this week has cemented the picture of monetary policy divergence. People are now convinced the Federal Reserve will be able to move in the middle of this year. In that context, talk of parity and even below it is not overdone.”

Mellor said in the key weeks of the dollar’s appreciation over the past six months it frequently turned lower on Friday, when investors who made money during the week cash in.

The dollar index last stood little changed on the day at 99.392, after sliding 0.4 percent on Thursday, its biggest one-day fall in a month. The index earlier rose as far as 100.060, a high not seen since mid-April 2003.

“The overnight session witnessed the long overdue consolidation in USD,” analysts at CitiFX wrote in a research note to clients.

“Our trading desk thinks it represents a generally healthy corrective move. Indeed, we have seen good USD demand on dips. Turnover is very high across the G10 space.”

No major market-moving economic data due on Friday, leaving the dollar index on track to end the week up more than 2 percent, extending last week’s 2.5 percent rally.

Against the yen, it slipped to 121.42 yen, pulling away from a near eight-year high of 122.04.

(Editing by Larry King)